Underwater Photography Tips

Underwater photography provides all the chills and thrills of any fast paced film. Here are some tips and ideas for this photography that will help you approach this art with great finesse.

In the year 1926, the hogfish taking its daily swim through the azure waters off the Florida Keys in the Gulf of Mexico, would never have imagined that it would be captured on camera and would also be framed in the first underwater color photograph ever available. Dr. William Longley and Charles Martin (National Geographic staff photographer) used their cameras encased in waterproof materials to start a phenomenon, they could never have imagined.

Underwater photography is about unveiling a world that exists beneath the deep seas. To master this art, one would need to be an excellent swimmer and know the latest deep-sea diving techniques. It requires the use of special photography equipment and also an eye for detail. It offers numerous challenges and provides a whole new world of opportunities to the photographer. Apart from being highly skilled in swimming, an underwater photographer must also be mentally prepared to face all the challenges he/she faces in the deep waters. Unavoidable natural circumstances may occur wherein the photographer may have to rely on his instinct and attitude to squirm out of a tricky situation.

Colorful Tropical Fish

For this kind of photography, one must always remember that the medium the light travels through is not air, but water. The main thing to watch out for by an underwater photographer is to maintain the balance of color and contrast. The subjects available can vary from the marine life to coral reefs, underwater caves, and shipwrecks. Every plunge in the roaring waves will reveal new subjects and landscapes to capture.

You would also require the latest equipment. The cameras should primarily have the sea mode, land mode, and also an external flash mode. This is essential to obtain better quality pictures even in the most adverse conditions. One of the most difficult aspects of this type of photography remains the use of the flash. The photographer has to achieve the right balance between natural light and the use of flash. Modern cameras have tried to implement new techniques to simplify this process, as natural light and visibility are often limited.

Underwater digital cameras also have built in features for color correction filters and flash diffusers and they are also equipped with complete storage and image editing software. This adds to the sophistication of the camera and also makes them easy to manipulate as per the situation.

The ones available today are completely high tech and are used not only for personal reasons but also for exploring, monitoring swim areas, and fishing and also for documenting shipwrecks. Today, we also have offshore trolling cameras. These have been designed specially for the videographers and fishermen.

Underwater photography has its own limitations in terms of the conditions the photographer has to face. But the true skill of the photographer solely remains in his/her ability to overcome these problems and shoot his/her best frame ever.

Basic Tips and Ideas

When you dive into the ocean, ensure you do it sans your camera. Diving with your camera will easily flood the camera with water. Therefore always procure or pass the equipment (once you are in the water) to another person on the boat.

Do not drag your equipment once you are in the deep waters. This may cause damage to the marine life.

Use an upward angle of the camera to obtain dramatic results.

Be constantly aware of all the dive gear that may float before your lens.

Ensure you use the empty space for text or graphics that can be added on, later.

The best time to take the plunge is around midday. The sun being overhead would illuminate the subjects underwater.

The underwater world changes often at the very blink of an eye. Perhaps this is what fascinates people all over and they overlook the risk factors and dive into the depth of the oceans. The vivid colors, the dangers lurking around the corner, the peace and the tranquility, all add to the mystery and aura of the underwater life. No prizes for guessing why this remains to be one of the most popular forms of photography even today!

Editorial Photography Tips

Editorial photography is a field that is crucial for every publication no matter what medium they feature in. Before dealing with the tips, let’s understand the significance of this particular photography first.

They say a picture is worth a thousand words, and photography serves as the perfect medium for these words. The beauty of a photograph is the fact that it isn’t merely another piece of art or some random words put together, in fact every single photograph is a moment forever preserved in time. Photography finds its place and is very much an integral part of many an industry, right from toy makers using it to sell their products, to super luxurious car makers selling their top cars. Photography isn’t just restricted to selling a product, but can also be a very powerful tool in trying to convey a message or to add to a message.

Editorial Photography

Photography which is not aimed at selling a particular product or intended to advertise anything commercial is called editorial photography. This field is rather vast and spans across almost all topics imaginable, right from still photography aimed at adding to the appeal of any literature or poem, to medical photography which tries to explain some rather serious matters about health. These photographs could either speak entirely for themselves, or, as they are often used, may be used to better portray a subject.They could be used in print and written media or used for online and web content. Editorial photography serves as a perfect platform for ardent photography fans and budding shutterbugs, as they prepare to get into the field of commercial photography. As opposed to commercial photography, editorial photography gives you a lot more scope for showing off your creative side, and add to your portfolio.

Getting Into Editorial Photography

You could either choose to go solo and freelance in the field, or take a more traditional approach and join a photography agency. Most agencies actively look for amateur photographers in this field, and although there is no dearth of photography enthusiasts, there’s always room for more creative minds. You might want to focus on your strengths, and try to choose a line which appeals to you, rather than try your hand at everything. There are plenty of online sites as well, that promote upcoming talent in this field, and with time you might just have your own little fan base as well!

Photography Tips and Techniques

The beauty of this photography is the creative license and freedom of expression that you have. You are bound only by your imagination, and as they say, great photography is all about being at the right place at the right time. It is imperative that you do not think of only one single picture, but rather think of a sequence of pictures. Often it takes a hundred takes before you get that one perfect shot, and at times just a casual click might become the centerpiece of your entire portfolio. The key here is to be patient and click away, ‘cos you never know which one would turn out to be that perfect image. If you can manage to narrate a story of sorts through these photographs, it would greatly improve the chances of your photographs getting selected for publication. Here are some commonly known photojournalism photography tips that might seem rather obvious, but if taken care of can make all the difference between just another photograph and a breathtaking photograph.

  • Cutlines for your photographs are necessary. This refers to a brief description of the people, place, and situation captured in the photograph.
  • Obviously, the image quality of your photograph needs to be top-notch. Mediocre quality photographs have no chance of intriguing the viewer.
  • The format of the image and its size are also crucial factors. The images should not be RAW files and should be in the JPEG format. The image should also be 200 pixels per square inch.
  • It is also advisable to keep the Photoshopping of the image to a minimum.
  • The sequence to follow for the shots should be the main shot, opening shot, overall shot, detail shot, and closer shot.

Scope of Photography

The market is very competitive and overly subscribed. For a young inexperienced photographer to get into this field would require a lot of hard work and plenty of patience. Though the market for this field of photography has expanded due to the widespread revolution in printing, the number of photographers has made the competition rather intense.

In the foreseeable future, this rising trend might continue to prosper as the costs of publishing and maintaining publications have come down greatly, due to technology. This is a trend that may never occur for portrait photography or landscape photography. Tips for this type of photography though, will serve you well. So grab your camera and start snapping already!

Photography Tips to Get the Perfect Shot

perfect-shotSome, much-needed macro photography tips given here will help you take pictures just like a seasoned professional.

One of the greatest joys of photography lies in the way it can be used for different purposes by different people. While some use it as an artistic medium, by producing abstract images while others use photography to create detailed and accurate representations of real life. I am always amazed at the superbly shot wildlife photos or close up photos that appear in National Geographic or Nature magazine. These photographs never fail to fascinated me and leave me wondering how much effort and skill is needed for that one elusive shot. Recently, I happened to meet a good friend of mine who gave me the low-down about such photographs. These shots are taken by a technique known as macro photography.

What is Macro Photography?

The word macro means ‘large’, or ‘of great size’. In photographic terms, it can be called a type of close-up photography that normally tries to produce images on a 1:1 ratio. In other words it tries to create images that are of the same size as the objects or subjects they represent. These techniques are popularly used in nature photography, wherein it is often required to produce images that exhibit the true detail of a plant or animal that is being photographed. Nowadays ‘point-and-shoot’ digital cameras come equipped with in-built macro functions making it easier to photograph close-ups. However, a single lens reflex (or SLR) camera is generally considered superior for such type of photography. This photography is especially useful in forensic science, where small details at accident or crime scenes may often be substantial. Fingerprints, skid marks, or trace evidence which are vital to any crime case are easily recorded using macro photography.

Macro Photography Equipment

The following equipment is generally considered essential for macro photography techniques.

Camera

As said earlier, many point and shoot digital cameras nowadays have remarkable macro capabilities making them an obvious choice for beginners. But for best results you should opt for a single-lens reflex camera (SLR) or if your budget permits a digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR). The latter allow you to attach special-purpose macro lenses and show you in a bright optical viewfinder that are very useful for close-up photography.

Macro Lenses

These lenses are also, confusingly, sometimes called ‘micro’ lenses by manufacturers. These are one of the most vital macro photography equipment. Macro lenses are generally fixed focal length lenses that are particularly designed to produce sharp images at a magnification of 1:1 or higher. Latest available macro lenses can even produce magnification ratios far higher than this. Generally most macro lenses are fixed, you will be required to choose the focal length that best suits your purposes. for example, a focal length in the region of 50-60 mm would be sufficient for fairly small objects, whereas 100 mm focal length would suffice for things such as insects and details of flowers.

Flash and Diffuser

Lighting is very important in any type of photography, a hand-held flash comes in handy for lighting your subjects and is powerful when used just a few inches from your subject. While sometimes a flash might give you a sharp and noticeable shadow, giving your picture a harsh, stark effect. For softer light, try to diffuse the light from the flash, by using transparent white cloth or paper for example, colored gels. If you are keen on capturing close-ups of small things then you may experiment with different lighting techniques and get amazing results.

Tripod and Other Equipment

A tripod or monopod will decrease the risk of camera shake. The movement by the subject is also an important element, as this type of photography enlarges the subject, thereby leaving a possibility for blurred photos. Tripods or monopods could prove to be useful, especially while taking photos of flowers. Though flowers, unlike animals, are usually very patient and if there is no wind they stay still. People use different techniques and ideas like, using paper clips to keep a grass leaf still while taking a photo of some insect on it. Or the use of dead flies to feed spiders or other “deadly” insects which might make a great shot. A bottle of honey to feed butterflies or some other hungry beasts out there. Be creative and think about what you may need before you go on a hunt.

Macro Photography Ideas and Tips

Here are some DSLR macro photography tips that can spell the difference between ordinary and excellent close-up photographs. Also some lighting tips are provided.

Check Focus

One of the basic necessity of any photography, let alone macro or close-up photography, is focus. While shooting at 1:1 or higher magnifications the distance in front and behind the subject of focus is extremely narrow. So, one needs to double-check if the subject is in exact focus or not. Check the image in your LCD screen, if you’re using a digital camera. Zoom into it as far as your camera can zoom, this will let you to confirm that your subject is in exact focus.

Eliminate Background and Foreground Clutter

A thumb rule in photography is that the viewer’s eye, naturally, gravitates towards the brightest spot in a photo. So, while shooting in mixed light, bear in mind about what’s in the background, change your point of view or move closer and fill the frame with your subject in order to negate the background. Another idea is to hold a sheet of plain white paper or any branch or leaf foliage behind your subject. One smart tip to control background clutter is by shooting at wider apertures. This reduces background focus, using a ring light is a nice way to eliminate the background since a ring light throws most backgrounds into darkness. While shooting through dense foliage trim away blocking branches or leaves if they are hindering you view of the subject or try to find another angle. The essence is to keep on trying till you get the perfect frame for the perfect shot.

Get the Correct Exposure

The correct exposure can make or break a near to perfect setup. One has to be especially careful about exposure, greater the distance between the film or sensor and the subject, the longer the exposure or wider the aperture. If your camera has exposure metering through the lens, then your task is much easier, somewhat. A tip for correct exposure will be to check your histogram repeatedly.

Right Lighting

One of the toughest task in photography is sufficiently and evenly lighting the subject. In extreme close-up photography it is impossible to place a light between the camera and a subject that close. Nowadays some cameras can focus on subjects so close, that they almost touch the front of the lens. Using off camera flash is the next lighting tip, as the subject will be so close that the light on your camera will fall beyond the subject, hence this flash needs to be off camera. Besides, extreme close-up work means that there is almost no natural light falling on the subject. Using a ring flash or a two-flash, lens-mounted setup can help to achieve greater depth of field and sharper focus. Sometimes overhead sun causes harsh shadows, diffuse it with a translucent white umbrella. Right lighting will enable you to exhibit greater details in your subject thereby enhancing your shot quality.

Get Real Close

Close-up shots require you to get down to the subject’s level which might mean getting dirty, but it’s worth the effort. Not only does it produce a more dramatic point of view but also adds to the area of focus. Getting your lens parallel to the subject enables more of the subject to be part of the frame reducing background and foreground clutter. Moreover, while being parallel, the subject is more in focus than if the lens were angled with you looking down. One of the best option is to use the right tripod, the one whose legs can spread out almost flat enabling you to get right down low. Another tip is to get the heaviest tripod, though it might not be fun to carry around but you’ll be rewarded with better quality photographs.

Shutter Speed and Self-timer

If you cannot shoot faster than the length of your lens then use a tripod. A general rule of thumb for hand-held macro shots, is that if your lens is 100 mm focal length, then the shutter speed should be 1/100th of a second, or faster, to achieve a sharp image or photograph. If you are shooting in a spot which has shade or indirect sunlight, use a tripod to achieve great results. An important tip is regarding the use of the camera’s self-timer. This feature is vital in limiting vibration and camera shake while pressing the shutter button. A self-timer is basically a delayed shutter release that allows jerks and vibrations to subside before the actual photo is taken. Refer to the manufacturer’s manual to see how it works on your particular brand of camera.

Be Patient

One of the most vital yet oft-ignored asset is learning to be patient. In my experience, there is no point in chasing an insect, like a mad photographer, that won’t sit still. It simply doesn’t work! You’ll be surprised to know that many insects are just as curious of you, as you are about them. Try to make good use of morning sunlight to capture details or bring out certain aspects of the subject that may not be seen otherwise. While many photographers don’t like shooting into the sun, when it comes to macro or close-up photography, I find it can often help highlight a feature or characteristic of the subject. For instance, early morning light can be used brilliantly to capture dew drops or an insect’s tiny hair. You do need to be careful not to capture lens flare though. Sometimes it doesn’t work, sometimes it does. Trying numerous angles and distances to help you find the best position and capture the best shot.

These were some of the close-up photography tips and techniques which I found extremely helpful in improving my photography skills. Enough of the theory, it’s time to have fun. Get out and keep shooting, don’t be afraid to experiment, Shoot closer, still closer and then some more. The closer you shoot, the more you will be rewarded for your patience and toil. Get clicking and enjoy exploring and photographing the tiny world that awaits you.

Photography Tips and Techniques

Timing is one of the very important elements in sports photography. Take a look at some basic tips and techniques, to help you master this art.

Sports personalities undergo months of preparation for the big moment. What you don’t know is that the preparation is almost the same for sports photographers. Beautiful snazzy photographs in sport magazines or newspapers are not clicked quite by ‘accident’. It takes a skilled professional to know the finer nuances to capture a stunning photograph.

Sports photography is a part of photojournalism. Many such talented professionals are sought after by magazines and newspapers to capture the action for these publications. Sport photographers need to know all about that particular sport. A beginner to photography needs to study sports that interest him/her to be able to judge the right moment. A sports photographer should not only be well-read, but should also develop the right instinct to be able to capture the most energetic moments on the field.

Tips and Techniques

Study the Sport and the Master the Equipment
As mentioned before, you must be aware about the details related with the sport. It could be baseball or cricket, you should be aware of the positions of the players and the basics of how the game is played. This will help you to know where you need to focus. You need to anticipate and take risks to end up with stunning visuals. Knowing the operation of the equipment will also help to gain control over the camera. Once you are confident about the various zoom settings and shutter speeds, moving the camera as per your requirement will be quite a breeze. Practice will make you perfect.

Develop Powers of Observation
Learn to study things around you. Keep your vision focused and pay attention to detail. You might need to spend hours in one place. Observe things and pick out minute details. You can never know which element may give you a beautiful photograph. You must also be prepared for the right moment. This gives you the chance of controlling the settings and clicking the particular moment on camera. After all, it is all about the moment, whether it’s a win on the baseball field, or a tumble on the ski slopes. Timing matters.

Select the Right Location
The way you position yourself is of utmost importance. This location should give you space to move around and also pick interesting angles. Concentrate on the background while selecting the location. The background should highlight the image in the foreground. This will end up giving you maximum impact.

Pre-focus on the Subject
This genre of photography would need you to develop skills that help you anticipate the moment. For this, you can even focus in advance on the subject or area. This will allow you to press the shutter exactly when you require and avoid wastage of time spent in focusing on the subject. Focusing before the actual action moment will help to capture the right moment. You need to anticipate things in advance. For example, in baseball, you must know where the ball may go after it’s hit, or you need to be aware how the bat may swing and in which direction.

Use High Shutter Speeds
A high shutter speed is very important if you want to capture the right moment. A high shutter speed will freeze the moment. For indoor shots, however, you would need to use a higher ISO due to low light problems. Burst mode will allow you to capture images through the process of continuous shooting. A telephoto lens will help you to capture long shots with great ease if you haven’t managed to get front row seats.

Don’t Always Focus your Attention on One Area
This may seem a little contradictory to what is mentioned earlier, but then photography is also about experimentation and risks. Avoid keeping your focus only on one point. Look around for different moments. You can capture the ecstatic expression on a player’s face or a player showing plenty of aggression. The options are aplenty and all you have to do is to look around.

With practice, this is one skill that should be developed if you are looking at it on a professional level. Be at the right place and at the right time. That’s what makes a truly good professional sports photographer.

Tips to Shoot Lifestyle Photography Projects

What is lifestyle photography? What are the various elements that help enhance the style of this photography? How can you come up with different ideas for this form of photography using these elements? In this article, we tell you all this and more.

Have you ever looked at a photograph and wondered how the photographer managed to capture the essence of the people in it? A photograph that conveys to a viewer the emotions and feelings of the subject falls under the category of lifestyle photographs. This style of photography, though in existence for several years, was given a proper name only in the recent past. Most photographers define it as a style that tries and captures the personalities of the subjects and the emotion they feel for each other.

Lifestyle photography has become a hot favorite with photographers as it has broken the traditional rules regarding setting and posing. The basic essence of this type of photography is to use a controlled setting to mimic real-life situations to enhance the effect of the photograph. In most lifestyle photographs you will see subjects doing everyday things in exaggerated settings. Sometimes the idea is to capture the subjects at their most relaxed self to obtain a truly natural and candid photograph. This style of photography has become extremely popular in recent times, especially when people are looking at getting family portraits or wedding photographs clicked.

As an amateur photographer trying their hand at this form of photography, it is important to keep some essential tips and elements in mind. We have used different photographs to explain these elements and tips to you. You can also use these photographs as ideas that you can use for lifestyle photography.

Construct a Concept

With lifestyle photographs, creating a concept for the picture can go a long way in making the photograph seem more personal. If there are multiple subjects in the photograph, then create a concept that emphasizes their relationship. If there is only one subject, then use a concept that allows the viewer to connect with the image. In the image on the left, the concept used allows the photographer to put forward the relationship between the subjects. The friendship and the companionship that they feel for each other is evident. In the second image, you can clearly see the love for dancing that the subject exudes.

Capture the Emotion

With lifestyle photography an important thing that needs to reflect in the image is the emotion that the subjects are feeling. This allows the viewers to relate to the image and vicariously enjoy the feelings of the subjects in the image. In the image on the left, you can literally see the affection that the couple has for each other and the happiness that they feel. In the image on the right, the comfort that the grandfather and the granddaughter share is more than visible. It is important that as a photographer you are able to capture the mood that your subjects are feeling.

Color and Clothing

Many photographers often ignore the importance of using clothing of the right color. When you want the subject to stand out, opt for a neutral or monochromatic background. In such a case also ensure that the subject is wearing bright colored clothing. A viewer’s attention is always automatically drawn to a splash of color. In the image on the left, you can see how in a background with earthy tones, the model in the pink dress becomes the cynosure of the image. Of course, the concept of the image also helps in achieving interest. In the image on the right, the red fabric draped around the model attracts your attention.

Background

Many photographers focus on the subjects so much that they often tend to neglect the background for the image. The background needs to contribute to the subject of the photo. In both the images given here, you can see how the background accentuates the subjects. In the image on the left for instance, a plain, cobbled wall helps draw attention to the newlyweds. In the image on the right, the windmill and the fields actually add to the concept used in the photograph. While choosing the background ask your subject about the different locations that they would prefer. In the best scenario, the location should be an element that adds to the personality of the subject. Use interesting props if they add to the image.

Help the Subject Relax

It is important that as a photographer you help your subjects be comfortable in front of the camera. It is best to shoot subjects in places where they can relax completely; where they are completely themselves. Try and spend some time with your subject and understand their personality. In case of children, ask their parents to help you choose moments when they are at their happiest. In the photograph on the left, you can see that the photographer is a voyeur looking in. With the photograph on the right, it is the correct moment that has made the image unforgettable.

Lighting and Shadow

The importance of proper lighting in photography cannot be emphasized enough. Using proper lighting can add a completely new dimension to an image. In lifestyle photography, dramatic use of lighting can add new elements to the image. Most photographers prefer using back lighting, top lighting, and side lighting. Back lighting is especially useful when you want to capture silhouettes. It also helps in lighting up the subject in a manner that gives them an angelic glow. Side lighting works when you want to highlight the subject using contrasts, since one side of the subject will be lit up by the light and the other remains subtly hidden due to a shadow.

When you are looking for different ideas this style of photography, remember that the idea you use needs to, in every way, reflect the personality and essence of the person you are shooting. The best way to click a beautiful image is to allow the core concept to be simple and the location to be uncluttered. Focus on the subject and you will have an image that is breathtaking in every manner.

Photography Tips for Digital Camera

Digital photography has ushered in a new era in photography. It is fast, convenient, and the best part is, if you do not like the captured photo, you can simply delete it! This is what makes digital cameras simply awesome. Digital photography may sound very user-friendly, but you need to get its working right to understand its full potential. Scroll down for some tips.

Are you someone who likes to capture major events and unforgettable moments of life? Then surely you must own a digital camera. Digital cameras or, digicams, capture the image or video digitally, via an electronic image sensor. One of the main reasons why digital photography beats film camera photography is that you immediately get to see the photograph. What’s more, a small, tiny digicam can store hundreds of photographs and once you transfer them to the computer, you can do a lot of stuff with them – crop them, resize them, combine them, among other things. Learn how to do all this and much more through this article.

Shutter Delay
Most of the cameras have a shutter delay. To explain it simply, shutter delay is the slight difference between the moment you click the picture and the moment which was actually captured. To deal with this, get into the practicing mode. Experiment on still objects, observe the delay, and then focus on developing your skills.

Golden Hour
Taking your digital camera outdoors? If possible, time your photography sessions two hours after sunrise and one hour before sunset. Try this trick and rest assured that the photographs will come out fantastic.

Zoom
Majority of the digital cameras have a digital zoom as well as an optical zoom. Opt for an optical zoom which is better, and try to avoid the digital zoom. Digital zoom leads to blurry photographs because it adds pixels to the pictures for making them larger.

Avoid Only Monochrome/Black and White
This is to suggest that newbies to digital photography should avoid using just black and white modes while clicking pictures. It is always a better option to click the photographs in a color mode and then convert them to other color modes like black and white, sepia, monochrome, and others.

Do Not Waste Time
Once you start on a shooting spree, just go on clicking. Check the photographs later. For this, make sure that your camera has a lot of memory and is stocked up on battery.

Memory Matters
When buying a digicam, see if you can also buy an additional memory card for increased storage capacity. You shouldn’t get stuck in a situation where you run out of memory, but have a great shot that will make an amazing picture, in front of you. So, it is advised that you keep an extra memory card.

Capture Yourself
Self-timer, a great facility in digicams, allows the photographer to be a part of the photograph as well. In all the hurry and haste of setting the timer and running to the spot for getting clicked, you might cause your camera to drop or fall and get damaged. So opt for a tripod, attach the camera to the tripod, set the timer and then go ahead to be a part of the picture.

Not just limited to these tips, digital photography is a field which can be explored to great extents. Go ahead, experiment, and be amazed by the beautiful results.

Point and Shoot Photography

With the modern point and shoot cameras, any amateur photographer can easily access the various techniques of professional photography.

This style of photography isn’t what it sounds like; well not all of it. You can’t just point at any image and start shooting them. Of course, there are times when people don’t really care about the angles, lights, different modes on the camera, or any particular features on the camera. However, I would ask you think again about that. A photograph stays with us for decades, sometimes through many generations. They can speak louder, better, and more clearly than any words spoken. Then why would you subject yourselves to plain and boring images? If you want to be a good photographer and wish to capture all the events in your life properly, even if it is with a point and shoot camera, go through this beginners photography guide for helpful tips and techniques to get the right picture.

As a good photographer, you should always keep in mind that the number of pictures don’t really matter. The quality, theme of the picture, and your creativity is what counts. In the following article, we have laid down some basic, yet essential photography tips and techniques.

Manual Mode

Try to use the manual mode as much as possible. The ‘Auto’ mode may not give you the desired effect to the picture you want to click. ‘Manual’ mode incorporates many options like controlling aperture, shutter speed, controlling ISO, etc., depending on the camera. Take a lot of pictures of the same objects with different modes and you will get the best output; the outcome of the picture you desire. These features used to be in the SLR cameras for beginners, however, with new and better digital photography; you can give the picture any effect that you want.

Flash Away

There are times when turning the flash on can ruin the picture. Yes, that does happen. To avoid that, go to options or the multi-controller button and turn it off. When there’s enough ambient light, turn off the flash and click to get the best of the natural lighting. In case you are indoors and the natural lights do not suffice, you can always turn the flash on and click. These lighting tips will make a world of difference to your images.

Different Angles

Don’t just start clicking all objects in the usual way. Play with different angles, try lying down on the floor (sometimes in weird positions), or climb somewhere on a wall or chair to take the picture from above. Besides these angles, you can also try your hand at underwater photography. Get the best waterproof camera to capture the magnificent images underwater. Experimenting with various angles might just surprise you and get the best photographs you’ve clicked in quite some time.

Nighttime

Now, let’s discuss some night photography techniques. When clicking at night, use a tripod. At nights the camera needs to get more light in to get that perfect picture and to get that much light, the camera needs to be stable for a longer time. So, if your hand shakes while clicking at nights, the picture might just come blurry. Similarly for landscapes, use a tripod to keep your camera steady and yes, remember the shutter speed.

Sunset and Clouds

Whether you are an amateur or a professional photographer, the question about “how to take good pictures” is always on everybody’s mind. A perfect picture is not always possible when the object is centered in the frame and the background is faded. Use your imagination; if you are at a beach, see if you can focus on your object but can also capture the water or the beach or the beautiful sun setting behind the waters. That might uplift your picture.

Capturing Colors

Spot colors in the field and capture them. Catch bright colors; click a picture in black and white, play with the exposure. The more experiments you do with a particular scene, the better your results will be. See how you can make dull colors more interesting and enjoyable. These tips will only be helpful to you if you practiced and taught yourself. If you make any errors in clicking some pictures, it’s alright. You will get other opportunities.

Handy Camera

Keep your camera handy all the time. You might just come across that picture-perfect-scene; you don’t want to miss that. Always carry your camera along with you. Clicking pictures with your friends and family or just plain nature, will give you immense pleasure of that particular moment. Plus, there’s nothing wrong with having your camera with you at all times.

After Effects

Even after you have done all the settings in the camera and clicked the pictures you wanted, you can further modify them in Adobe Photoshop. That will just enhance the pictures even more, giving you the best pictures you ever dreamed of. Show them to your friends, family or the mentor you have chosen for photography, they will, perhaps, help you by telling how best you can take the picture in many other ways.

I hope that these basic photography techniques can be of use to you and can help you in getting many gorgeous images. You can also enroll in some classes at a community colleges; they will definitely help you become a better, more skilled photographer.

How to Take Good Pictures Like a Pro

There is no easy way out to clicking good pictures as most would think. It is not something that you can learn only in a studio or with the assistance of great photographers. Good pictures are all about having the ability to see the possibility of a good frame and also being in the right place at the right time. Most fantastic photographs are rarely planned. Given below are some useful photography tips that can give you great results.

How to take Good Shots
It doesn’t always matter if you have the latest model of the camera or the leading brands in the market. Whenever you are deciding upon the subject or the moment you come across some very exciting element in nature, look out for the area around the subject. It may be nature photography you are interested in, and having a cluttered background around your subject can actually cause it to merge rather than create an emphasis about what you want to portray through the picture.

Is it not necessary that one should use a flash only at night. In photography, a flash is useful on cloudy days when it can to throw some light onto the subject. Photographs that are clicked in bright sunlight can cause harsh shadows on the face, and this would definitely not flatter any person. In such cases, use the flash to even out the harsh light on the object, which would also result in better clarity of the picture.

It is not always compulsory to keep your subject at the center of the frame. This is one very useful photography tip; having your subject off center can help to create some dynamic and very interesting compositions. You will need to visualize a grid which would help you in planning a better composition.

Develop the skills of using lines within the composition. You need to develop an eye to see geometrical patterns within the frame. The use of curves, diagonals, and straight lines can help to create an added element of interest for any picture.

Study the direction of light and how it can help to enhance your subject. Harsh light is a strict no no for portraits. Refer to the works of great photographers and study the distribution of light. Use soft lighting for people photographs. For landscapes, long shadows and photographs that are clicked in the early morning hours and late evenings can give dramatic results.

If you are looking to understand how to take good pictures, you need to realize one basic thing. It all depends on your power of observation. When you are out clicking photographs, you can also observe and hunt for some reflections and shadows that can help to add depth to an otherwise boring structure or backdrop.

Having everything in focus may not always work wonders for you. At times, you can have your subject in focus and keep the background slightly blurred. This is possible through the use of different apertures settings, and you can know more about the manual settings once you refer to the camera guide.

It is definitely up to the photographer to use his/her skills to the best of their ability. Following the basic rules can help you get the best possible frames. To be able to take good pictures also depends upon the extent to which you develop your skills. Ensure that you refer to the latest trends in photography and be up-to-date with the developments as well. And of course, be creative.

Tips Lighting for Top Portrait Photography

Light is the most important aspect of photography. Photography is an art and light is its touchstone. The title on “Photography Tips – Lighting”, will capture your interest all throughout.

Photography in simple words is just – “CLICK the image”, but technically, photography has lots more to offer. Perfect light, angle and time are hallmarks of good photography. Lighting determines the mood of the photograph or the video shot. Right use of light reflects your innate creativity. A video or a picture is alive only through good photography skills.

Photography Tips on Lighting

Appropriate use of light is one of the most important factors that determines the quality of the picture. It can be awesome, spectacular, dramatic or terrific. The camera has an inbuilt light meter that measures how much light is being reflected to the camera. Automatic adjustment of aperture and shutter speed enables the camera to measure the amount of light reflected and thus the clarity of the picture.

Source of Light
The quality of the picture resolved depends upon the source of light. The source can be natural, like the sun or artificial, like constant light sources, strobes and different types of light sources used in studios. The effect of rays of light is very spectacular. A setting sun, rays cascading through the windows, landscapes and portraits create impressive pictures with intelligent use of lights. Use of brighter light from behind the object is the typical way to create silhouettes. You can simply experiment with different types of light in order to get different images with different effect.

Angle of Light
Angle of light is a very important aspect while creating special effects in the photographs. Half cast shadow, full bright, dimmed low, back lighting, front lighting, side exposures, diffused light, etc are a few examples where adjusting the angle of light is very important.

Camera Exposure
The time of camera exposure depends on the shutter speed and the aperture speed. To get a good resolution there should be a narrow aperture and slow shutter speed. Increase the exposure time to get a clear image. For example, a camera with a high f/stop (depth of field) aperture value and low shutter speed 1/X (secs) gives a good resolution. f number determines the amount of light entering the aperture and the time of exposure of the shutter is denoted by seconds.

Film Speed
Film speed is one of the important parameters in determining the quality of a picture. The sensitivity of light towards the photographic film determines the film speed. ISO system has been introduced to measure the film speed. Higher the film speed, higher the sensitivity. But a high film speed (high ISO value) results in poor quality of the image.

Portrait Photography Tips

Behavior of light, intensity, brightness and contrast are the important parameters for portrait photography lighting. Controlling the intensity and brightness can be done in studios with the help of strobes. There are devices such as gobos, snoots, scrims, grid spots and barn doors, which can direct the light according to the need of the photographer and create different effects. The light’s color temperature is also one of the factors governing portrait photography. Contrast of the image is dependent on the size of light source and the distance from the object. These are the basic know-how of portrait photography. However it is always best to LEARN photography tricks from a professional photographer.

Digital Photography Tips

Digital photography also has the same basic principles of lighting. Know to handle the camera with subtlety and use your creative skills to get a good resolution. The tips and tricks are simple. Know the buttons, adjust the techniques and click.

Travel Photography Tips

Traveling and photography go hand in hand. Most of us can’t travel without taking photos, some travel for photography, while some work as photographers in order to travel! The allure of photography to a traveler goes much beyond just having a memory of having been at a particular place. It is an attempt to capture the very essence of the place he/she has visited, an effort to bring to life what makes the place tick, an innate desire to make others see the place through his own eyes.

In today’s digital age, it is virtually impossible to take a bad picture, with the variety of tools at our disposal. However, there are still some basic methods that need to be followed and tips that need to be mastered through practice so that your travel photography becomes more than just a pastime. Here’s more about the practicalities of this enriching hobby. Here are some tips and tricks in travel photography for beginners.

Travel Photography Tips and Tricks

Start Using a DSLR Camera
Starting off with a seemingly obvious one, but a surprising amount of wannabe photographers still desist from buying a DSLR, and persist with their point-and-shoot playthings. A DSLR gives you complete control over a lot of things that you can’t adequately control in point-and-shoot cameras, the most important of which is the type of lens you want to employ. It also allows you to shoot RAW pictures, which is akin to having the negative of a picture at hand to be molded however you want to, rather than the ready-made JPEG pictures captured by point-and-shoot cameras. The latter is fine if all you are going to photograph is family gatherings, but for serious photographic journeys, you seriously need a DSLR.

Pack a Variety of Lenses …
Different lens settings are useful for different scenes. To be efficient with your equipment, you only need two types of lenses: one that can be versatile with its focal length; a 25-200 mm lens (or thereabouts) will work just fine, and another that has a prime focal length, such as a 50 mm lens.

But Don’t Pack Too Much
Unless you are a professional photographer, you don’t need (and probably can’t afford) a whole range of variable lenses. As said before, you only really need two lenses; even one would suffice. As they say, it’s the photographer that clicks the photo, not the camera! If you find a beautiful scene, even a standard, kit 18-55 lens is more than enough to make it look fantastic. When the perfect moment unfolds before you, you don’t want to be stuck changing your lens―you want to be clicking away.

Research Your Location
Of course, there are beautiful scenes wherever you go, but getting the opinion of other, more experienced photographers about certain places is really important. If someone you know has been somewhere you are going to go, bug them for information about scenery, the best locations to view it, and weather conditions. Look up various locations around your destination on the Internet, and get involved in photography forums.

Limit the Number of Touristy Photos
Yes, you got to have a photo of you and your smiling partner next to the Eiffel Tower, or holding up the Leaning Tower of Pisa, but try to limit yourself to wasting a minimal amount of time on such photographs. A photo is not just what you see, it’s about what you want to show. Try to take pictures with your unique take on the familiar scene.

Include People in Your Shots
And I don’t just mean portraits by that. Places don’t come alive thanks to the stunning architecture on a medieval wall. They don’t come alive thanks to fields of flowers stretching before your eyes. They come alive thanks to the little boy staring intently at the wall, and the little girl running through the flowers. There may be appealing scenes, but in travel photography, what you want to show is the people that make up a place. The places remain the same, but the people may never come to that particular spot again.

Use the Golden Hour
Golden hour photography is a freebie given away by nature for newbies. It makes everything appear more beautiful and warm. Use the moments just before and just after the sun sets and rises (don’t be too lazy to wake up before sunrise) to give your frame that enviable golden luster. Cityscapes look much more inviting and appealing in the golden light, and portraits carry a bronzed hue.

Keep a Backup
Let me just repeat that: Keep a backup! Memory cards love getting lost and putting you in a fix. An easy way to defeat their purpose is to back up your photos to your laptop daily. Better be pedantic about keeping a backup than sorry about losing your precious memories in one tiny stroke of bad luck, right?

Stay Safe
That shot you think would be amazing of a waterfall taken from its summit? There’s a device for taking such shots, and it’s called a helicopter. That shot you just got to have of that snake staring into your lens? What you actually need is a lot of distance between you and it. Don’t put yourself in undue danger for the sake of a photograph! The point of photography is to make memories, not be one!

Use Image Editing Programs Lightly
Some ‘serious photographers’ are incredibly self-righteous about photographers who use such software, and fair enough, if your photo has to be ‘rescued’ with the help of Photoshop, you shouldn’t be clicking photos. But there is nothing wrong with using it for basic functions, such as optimizing the contrast and color settings, or removing red-eye. Do the best you can with the initial photo, and only use editing programs to refine the shot, not to virtually make the shot.